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Parts of Sewing Machine & Their Functions

SINGER Sewing Machine Accessory Kit
SINGER Sewing Machine Accessory Kit

A Sewing machine is the most significant machine for the day-to-day activities of human life. It is an important part of the garment manufacturing industry as well.

Home sewing machines are designed to be operated by a single person at home or at a shop to sew their own fabric using a single type of stitch.

In modern machines, the flexibility of fabric is designed in such a way that it can easily glide in and out of the machine

They are different types of sewing machines that are available in the market. Even though there exist many machines, the basic functionality of the machine is one and the same.

All the machine has the essential parts that are used in the construction of the machine, but the outfit may differ as per the customization applied on the machine.

Now, let’s see the important parts of the sewing machine in this article, along with their respective functions.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine and Their Functions 

1. Bed:

The role of this part is to stabilize the machine to rest in a permanent place.

2. Bobbin Case:

It holds the bobbin and the case of the bobbin sit on it. 

3. Bobbin Winder Spindle:

It’s the part of the machine which holds the bobbin case it is usually found under the needle plate of the machine.

4. Food Pedal:

Foot Pedal controls the speed flow of the machine. 

5. Hand Wheel:

This is used for the initial pick-up of the speed of the machine.

6. Feed Dogs:

This part will help the user to move against the bottom of the foot to feed the cloth to be stitched.

7. Needle:

This is the essential and most sensitive instrument of the machine which holds the thread and sews the fabric.

8. Plug Socket:

In the case of the electrical machines, it is the device that connects the electrical mains to the machine.

9. Presser Foot:

It looks like a shoe-like part that is used to move up and down the needle, during stitching, it puts pressure on the fabric so that the stitching is smooth and soft. 

10. Spool Pin:

The pin holds the spool on the machine. It has multiple functions which include the hold of the thread, controlling the direction of the thread, etc. It can be horizontal or vertical in place. 

11. Pressure Foot Lever:

The primary function of this part is to raise or lower the foot level.

12. Reverse Lever:

The liver works to depress the lever which enables the mechanism to move backward or in reverse.

13. Stitch tension adjustment:

The part is mainly involved in pulling the thread through the two sides of the fabric, without having the thread bunch up or tangle the correct amount of tension in the thread. A similar amount of the thread needs to be pulled from the spool and the bobbin to ensure that the tension adjustment is perfect.

14. Back-sew button:

This button on the machine is used to adjust backward your fabric every time you perform a reverse auction on the fabric that is stitched.

15. Stitch Width Selector:

This part allows the user to control the width of the stitches on the fabric. The selector can be used in different positions for different materials depending upon the requirement.

16. Thread Guides:

This is a small hole that guides the thread from the spool to the needle.

17. Thread Tension Control:

This regulates the tightness or slackness of the thread.

18. Throat Plate:

The needle goes down and feeds dogs move up through this plate to enable straight and even stitches. 

So we have seen the parts of the sewing machine and now understand that each and every part has a different function. And all the parts should work together smoothly for a stitch.

The operation and maintenance of these elements are very much required from time to time, as this helps the machine to work smoothly without any major repairs.

In particular, if the machine is used two to three times a week, it is advised to get the machine serviced at least once a year.

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